The villagers’ dream is to return to their homes and to reconstruct stronger and safer homes and villages that are self sustaining. They also dream of saving their rich cultural heritage and traditions of over five hundred years.
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The aim is to build 14 villages in 6 different locations with 222 homes that are seismic resistant and structurally sound, incorporating the ethnic lifestyles and traditions of their former houses.
Initially, homes with 2 rooms will be built. But design and construction will allow for safe needs of future expansion according to their needs and desires and taking into account the coming generations.
Villages will be sustainable with bio-gas systems, solar power, rainwater catchment systems and other renewable energies. Shared facilities include: a school, health clinic, community hall, water system and a place of worship.
It is critical to ensure that these people will be financially stable by teaching marketable skills and helping them to develop tourism which is a vital source of income.
Villages overview and future locations
Duguna Yarmasing Villages are located in the mountains of the Himalayas at an altitude of around 2000 meters, 115 km from Kathmandu, close to the Nepal-Tibet border. It is composed of 14 villages with inhabitants of 5 ethnic groups: Sherpa (80%), Tamang (10%), Brahmin and Chhetri (7%) and Dalit (3%).
The 14 villages will be realocated into 6 new locations taking in account the space availability, the local heritage and community. The following charts shows the original distribution of the villages and the new agreed distribution.
Re-building the Community in a Sustainable way
There is no budget yet developed for this phase as the aim is to find partners who could help the villagers to implement it.
The partnerships could be with the government, private and public sectors.
The areas to work include: Place of worship and prayer, Community Hall, Alternative Energies, Organic Farming, Responsible Tourism, Government Infra Structures, Trails, etc..
The Houses - Concept and Modular Design
222 houses to be built as Phase One design. The extensions will happen depending on each one’s need and financial possibilities. Our project gives the utmost importance and priority to the safety of the lives of these families today, tomorrow and for future generations.
Transforming the module to give diversity to the village
2 different types of houses construction on Phase One with the same built area and squared plan only rotation of the roof, allowing the possibility to have 6 types of houses when each one extends, creating variety of houses in the villages.
Texture and rigidity with local materials
REINFORCED CONCRETE - Structural elements of the house such as foundations, beams and pillars are designed to be strong and dimensioned for future extension by an engineer.
METAL - Roof structure is made with metal trusses with possibility of dismantling and assembling when or if the extension phase III is done. Covered with corrugated iron sheets.
LOCAL MATERIALS – Internal and external walls are light, naturally protecting the house from rain and cold temperatures.
Earthquake resistance principles
- Symmetrical floor plan;
- Symmetrical openings;
- Simple regular shape;
- Lenght is less than 3 times the width;
- Regular and symmetrical shape;
- C.G.I sheet roof;
- Braced metal trusses;
- Collar beam below roof/beam trusses;
- Roof anchored at each end to the structure.
- Pilar and beam system in reinforced concrete;
- Reinforcing bars lapped and tied at corners.
- Reinforced concrete;
- Depth until the ground strenght permits it and above feezing zone.
- Confined masonry walls;
- Lenght of the wall maximum 10 times its thickness;
- Rigid box: long walls are supported by transverse walls to prevent out-of-plane failure of the walls and to increase their lateral strencght.
Windows and doors
- Small openings with tie beams placed 1.2m from corners;
- Symmetrically placed.
- Use of solar panels to generate green electricity;
- Collect and store rain water from the roof and use it for activities such as washing, bathing, irrigation, etc...
- Home stay for tourists, develop local art and crafts, and trails for trekkers.
- Use of local materials such as adobe or earth bricks that have a thermic coefficient;
- Create shadow areas to preotect the walls from the direct sun.
- Use the organic and household waste to generate gas for home oven and as high-quality fertilizer.
- Each family will grow its own vegetables and animals.